Two recent studies published in 2019 by research institutes in Finland, VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland and the Finnish Environmental Institute SYKE, and the UK, by the independent Committee on Climate Change (CCC), have explored the goals of their respective nations as stated in national emissions reduction commitments. Both studies conclude these targets are achievable and propose distinct steps for achieving the called for reductions.

The CCC study finds that the UK, Scotland, and Wales could achieve net-zero emissions by 2050 to meet the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change’s (IPCC) calls for reducing emissions to keep the rise of global temperatures below 2 degrees. The report suggests that the foundations for the necessary changes are in place in the UK and the costs of this change to be manageable, however, the change requires stringent legislation and a significant escalation of policies to achieve this change.

The Finnish study, meanwhile, concludes that the country could achieve the government’s set target of reducing emissions by 85-95% relative to emissions in 1990 by 2050, and, possibly, even a decade earlier. Furthermore, the study also finds that this change would be ultimately beneficial in terms of GDP growth. VTT and SYKE outline key sectors in which the government must focus attention including the increase of renewable energy, electrification of the energy system, and the possibility to use carbon capture storage in bioenergy production and industrial processes. Finally, the report stresses the significance of maintaining and strengthening carbon sinks to contribute to the reduction of harmful emissions.

Read more about the CCC’s report

Read more about the VTT and SYKE report (in Finnish)

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