Among the major trends shaping the mobility industry and life in urban areas over this year has been the beginning of a major tide which grows ever more crucial through the next decade. The world grapples with the realities of climate change in an ever more immediate, urgent reality augured by the United Nations’ climate panel report which set a 12-year deadline for reducing emissions by half to avoid catastrophic consequences. In this reality, world governments, cities, and corporate players have begun to take heed and follow through on climate targets and plans to effect these changes.

Among the major shifts we saw this year were the rising number of cities which banned or limited private car use in urban centers, with Madrid, London, and Oslo announcing plans restricting use and Paris, Athens, and Mexico City already committing to ban diesel cars by 2025. This trend is supported by the skyrocketing scooter-share industry which saw its first entrants in the form of Lime and Bird which have expanded their car-free mobility option to more than 100 cities across the United States and are valued at $2 billion and $3 billion respectively.

Traditional car makers too are taking note, as automakers like Volvo shift their focus to mobility services rather than selling individual cars, offering consumers monthly subscription options and working with ride-hailing providers like Uber to develop autonomous fleets. Volvo has also made a strong commitment to electrifying the models it offers in these services, ensuring that the remaining vehicles pollute less.

As MaaS providers continue their growth and mobility markets continue their consolidation as ride-hailing companies acquire other sharing services to complement their core offering, the transformation of transportation is set to continue strong through 2019.

Read the Guardian’s reporting on the UN climate report

Read about Oslo’s restrictions and the commitments of other cities in the New York Times

Read more about scoot share companies Bird and Lime

Read more about Volvo’s partnership with Uber its focus on electric vehicles and its mobility services offered to consumers

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Reframing City Districts (ReCiDi)

A research project conducted by the Universities of Turku and Tampere which aims to form a new conceptual framework which will help shape the collective identity and common vision necessary to realize the future low-carbon and sustainability targets.

Systemic Architectures for Sustainable Urban Innovation (SASUI)

An action learning and research project conducted by Aalto University and the University of Tampere which aimed to form a better understanding of the architectural requirements for successful innovation projects.