Apple sparked speculation when it filed for a request with the U.S. Federal Energy Regulatory commission in June to form a subsidiary to sell renewable energy. The company has now clarified its intentions with its announcement of the first Apple Store to be powered purely by renewable energy the company produced itself. The Apple Store location in Palo Alto marks the first step in the company’s plans to expand renewable energy production to power all of its operations, both reducing its own energy expenditures as well as making a significant cut to its emissions. While hardly the first major corporation to take this step; Apple joins Microsoft, Google, Ikea, Walmart; Apple has taken a considerable step forward in realizing this ambition with its contract to acquire nearly half of the necessary energy required from a Californian solar energy company in one of the largest commercial clean energy deals to date.

By creating a new source for pure, clean energy, this deal allows Apple to circumvent established energy grids which continue to use fossil fuel sources alongside clean energy. Google, an active proponent for corporate use of clean energy, is among the other companies contributing to the rising capacity of corporate clean energy projects which has nearly doubled annually since 2013. Hybrid models which combine production with buying clean energy directly is the most effective means of transitioning to new models of sustainability and are set to continue rising in popularity as companies increasingly prefer to source all of their energy demands from renewable sources.

The New York Times with details on Apple's plan and corporate clean energy use

The Verge reported on Apple’s clean energy company 

The Guardian reported on the first wave of corporate clean energy plans 

The Renewable Energy Buyers Alliance compromises leading corporate members with a shared interest in increasing demand for renewable power. 

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Reframing City Districts (ReCiDi)

A research project conducted by the Universities of Turku and Tampere which aims to form a new conceptual framework which will help shape the collective identity and common vision necessary to realize the future low-carbon and sustainability targets.

Systemic Architectures for Sustainable Urban Innovation (SASUI)

An action learning and research project conducted by Aalto University and the University of Tampere which aimed to form a better understanding of the architectural requirements for successful innovation projects.